雪のいタずち [sic!] (yukinoitazuchi) wrote in jp_ling,
雪のいタずち [sic!]
yukinoitazuchi
jp_ling

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Linguistics Terms in Japanese ~ 言語学の単語

Hello, here are some terms in Japanese, used in linguistics, feel free to comment and add something, then I'll update the list. Please correct my mistakes, if any. Thank you. =)

I would like to have this used as a quick reference for those outside or inside of Japan for linguistic or academic study.

Mirror: http://wiki.ucalgary.ca/page/Linguistics_terms_in_Japanese

Last Updated: Aug. 21, 2007

言語学 - Linguistics
理論言語学 - Linguistic Theory
音声学 - Phonetics
音韻論 - Phonemics; Phonology
形態論 - Morphology
統語論 - Syntax
意味論 | 記号論 - Semantics | Semiotics
語彙意味論 - Glossary of Semiotics
文体論 - Stylistics
記述言語学 - Descriptor Linguistics
語用論- Pragmatics
応用言語学 - Language Application
社会言語学 - Sociolinguistics
生成文法 - Generative Grammar
認知言語学 - Cognitive Linguistics
計算言語学 - Computational Linguistics
比較言語学 - Comparative Linguistics
語源 - Etymology
日本語学 - Japanese Linguistics
言語学者 - Linguist

Taken from: http://ja.wikipedia.org/wiki/Linguistics with translations by
me, Sydney B, and Jim Breen's dictionary

Semantics ~ 意味論:

Actor - ???
Affinal - ???
Agent - ???
Animacy - ???
Boundedness - ???
Consanguinal - ???
Countability - ???
Dimensionality - ???
Entity - ???
Extendedness - ???
Generation - ???
Honorifics - ???
Kinship - ???
Lineality - ???
Sex | Gender - ???
Shape - katachi
Social Status - ???
Specificity - ???

SLA/Education-Related ~ ???:

??? - Academic proficiency
??? - Basic Interpersonal Communication Skills (BICS)
??? - Cognitive Academic Language Proficiency (CALP)
??? - English as a Second Language (ENL)
??? - English as a Second Language (ESL)
??? - Extroversion
??? - Extrovert
??? - Fluency
??? - Introversion
??? - Introvert
??? - Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI)
??? - Proficiency

People in Linguistics ~ 言語学者:

ノーム・チョムスキー - Abram Noam Chomsky
??? - Jim Cummins

Other:

C-統御 - C-command (Source: Nanzan University site)
??? - Lexicon
??? - X-bar theory
??? - Second Language Acquisition (SLA)
??? - L1
??? - L2
??? - Trace
??? - Wh-movement
??? - Backformation
擬音語: sound-symbolic words (aka "onomatopoeia" or "mimetics")
擬音語 are traditionally divided into two groups, 擬声語 and 擬態語, depending on whether they are imitative of sounds or not.
外来語: (recent) loanwords

Other Japanese-Related:

和語 or やまとのことば: Native Japanese vocabulary
漢語: Sino-Japanese (words borrowed from Middle Chinese during the 9th-13th c.)

Aspiration:
有気 - aspirated
無気 - unaspirated

Voicing:
無声 - voiceless
有声 - voiced

Place:
両唇 - bilabial
唇歯 - labiodental
歯 - dental
歯茎 - alveolar
後部歯茎 - postalveolar
歯茎硬口蓋 - alveopalatal
そり舌 - retroflex
硬口蓋 - palatal
軟口蓋 - velar
口蓋垂 - uvular
咽頭 - pharyngeal
喉頭蓋 - epiglottal
声門 - glottal

Manner:
摩擦 - fricative
鼻 - nasal
破裂/閉鎖 - stop
吸着 - click
放出 - ejective
入破 - implosive
破擦 - affricate
共鳴 - sonorant
はじき - tap/flap
側面 - lateral
ふるえ - trill
接近 - approximant
流 - liquid
半母 - semivowel

"Sound":
音 (Whatever is used from the above, the consonant name will almost invariably be terminated by this.)

Sentence Structure:

主語 - しゅご - subject (S)


(Thank you to zepooka, nekokaze, tebing, Dr. Carmen SD, Dr. "DC")
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